1538 34 Samrudhi – an ideal intercrop in coconut garden Mr. Narayana Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is a progressive farmer. � ���>�a�a�o���i\���i�%-�-�- Ot�^�1���mrzH��sу�~��i��~��bS�Yb�;��M��.�����K� �ԋ��W�G?��j �E*����,4O���"�q�Չ�7�9�U�`ָLl@�怢��d1Ix��p��O����4�����I��]�;�X��c�gq��#��9�}h�ᄟ(�tH&H"�mʫˋ 0000088982 00000 n in the holdings. Abstract A field experiment conducted at Horticultural Research Station, Kahikuchi of Assam Agricultural University revealed the performance of medicinal and aromatic plants grown as intercrops in 32 year old Assam Green Tall coconut garden. xref r�fP�5����v�`�)����Vs �:��7N�,��u��bҎ�@bU@�����Gj������ k� � 0000002676 00000 n (B) Coconut + cocoa cropping model (square planting). 0000004186 00000 n 0000005202 00000 n As per the farmer's opinion, a profit of nearly Rs 80,000-1,20,000 can be earned through intercropping. 0000097310 00000 n The cost of growing brinjal in one acre plantation is around Rs 40,000-50,000. H�\UtMg����so�D4H�o�$�h��$�D3�D� ���#h ��P�t*��5���N1թx��E��(ʚUmG��]�v�^g���g��{�o��K��2��]'J=l�����܌�W 0000075787 00000 n Coconut+patchouli intercropping system recorded 55.3% increase in nut yield/palm followed by coconut+palmarosa (43.5%) when Figure 5a. Banana as a Mixed Crop with Coconut Among the mixed crops tested, banana is found to be the most important intercrop for coconut garden. Market suitability should be taken into consideration before selecting an intercrop. Close. 0000040538 00000 n 0000002081 00000 n 0000030881 00000 n 0000072253 00000 n 1538 0 obj <> endobj The principle of intercropping is opportunism. intercropping in coconut. An Indigenous intercropping technique called "three sisters" involves planting corn, pole beans, and squash in the same spot. Spatial arrangement of intercrops in coconut garden. endstream endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2028 1006 ] /FontName /IJGDOK+Arial /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 66 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 46 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IJGDOK+Arial /FontDescriptor 62 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 25378 /Length1 41912 >> stream 0000000807 00000 n Try. 3 1. Last Updated on Friday, 02 October 2020 04:00 Root and tuber crop such as elephant foot yam, greater yam, cassava, spice crop like turmeric ,ginger and other , vegetable and meditional and aromatic plants can profitably grown both at the young and old stages. 0 0000040492 00000 n 0000046738 00000 n Intercropping of foot yam and pomegranate in coconut garden 23. 0000001222 00000 n Figure 3. 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Elephant foot yam + Guava intercropping system 24. 1.0 . In other words, while one vegetable is still filling out the crafty gardener sneaks in an additional crop that's long gone before the main crop needs its space. ?�T~��jT>��S�>�Ğ%4d�����i��<>����C��6fN�P�ӽ��ov�����^� :�----���A�%-�H�(�pFP�a6q ��� allows them to fix nitrogen in the soil and increase this macro-nutrients availabilit 0000033649 00000 n Complementary should exist between the component crops. The canopy size, age and spacing of the coconut are also to be considered. 0000072716 00000 n 0000000998 00000 n - Schematic representation of available intercropping area in coconut stands. Growing a number of other crops in association with coconuts is a widespread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the country. 0000002867 00000 n Intercropping in Coconut Orchard: In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple , banana , elephant foot yam , groundnut, chillies , sweet potato , tapioca, etc. Intercropping in Coconut Lands Please click here ' PUBLICATIONS --> ADVISORY CIRCULARS ' for required recommendations. Coconut in India is primarily a crop of small farmers and about 98% of the cocon ut holdings in the cou ntry ~ less than 2. (A) Schematic patterns for planting black pepper, cacao and coffee as intercrops with coconuts, giving a plant density of 795 black pepper, 550 cacao and 640 coffee per hectare in addition to 159 coconut palms (Liyanage et al., 1983). 0000101784 00000 n 0000027786 00000 n 0000002239 00000 n During the initial 8 years, there is a good light transmission and annual / biennial crops can be raised as intercrops. <<94D5D6470491214292A6117FAD7EF7E7>]>> 0 ha in size and more than 90 % of them are less than . It responds to similar irrigation and manuring systems as coconut and also comparatively free from serious pests and diseases except … 0000040744 00000 n Coconut is a major commercial crop of Sri Lanka. 0000073110 00000 n 0000005412 00000 n 2): − On average, 56% of solar radiation reaches the ground, although this varies with the age of the coconut stand, its planting density, and its alignment. %%EOF 0000004997 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000004466 00000 n Where as lowest nut yield was recorded in coconut sole crop (Farmers practice) during three year as compared to intercropping system in coconut garden Apple-soybean Intercropping 19.

Under irrigated conditions, the size of each fruit would be about 1.5 kg; while as a rain fed crop, the size is reduced to …

Palms are grown under favourable environmental conditions. 51 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 53 /H [ 900 343 ] /L 393562 /E 96708 /N 4 /T 392424 >> endobj xref 51 23 0000000016 00000 n ���z#����6݄;�3�4������i�0��D\q��PN*��C�]M�j.b_�+3k����k�.t�IE3}Y5�&�L�؏`�BS�jT ���;wX�XF`H ͪ݀]#~�������6��\ަd8nU80�Y��p�?W��������ͽ{���Ò�X5M�?�+h������:"���?��c�>L�%�yn����ԣ�e���a+�橴���W ��m[�E�6����3�b#`Ņ�٫������ �`OM���)�� p}Su0}2���z%Rm 1����w�&�+|�56�s&_��)�1��B�����n��6��! 0000072175 00000 n 0000052888 00000 n intercropping in coconut garden. 0000040056 00000 n 0000040206 00000 n 0000010599 00000 n The yield of all the medicinal and aromatic crops grown as intercrop in coconut garden were reduced compared to their sole crop yields. Intercropping is a multiple cropping practice that involves growing two or more crops in proximity. H�0���.��H�;�8"� ��g H��W[S�F~��ا�ԩ��i�����i1y}pl�ؒ+ˤ���ޞ�� �ÌXi��|�����,�Т��L.��IgFj/��K]( Y��N�^��D��z֌�ή��_��TJ碜��x��(���$�]�K�&uR'�z�j%�d���IE���H����iŜh��Z�+z��1r6,�>k�(��[f�0�,UI_?V�l�O��y:6�$|;����fk��7{�+�%��)�v���Z��ȹ�� �wmTW������o��������Na�@A�m�����R�zl�%j�v@�/�wP�O � ړ�|��A���e�1>����)\���s0�Bp"w0 �B�XIW��ݍޗ/`b3��L:��a�|bw�N����e}��\f*gq�F6�>B��d��ʶ��R`HV���K�yȖf����H [�`q�ZL�����$r�VB�֋ˮ��|7P���O�?O~!��y�jL���7����d��OT�Hy�8����.� �e�-���{q$�ۚ�I�;2���#S��ˣQ]���ŶYWr�#��m#�W�6�g�����^��Vb�`- l���p����b ��e�Ŭ��z!�R)����� g"m!L�*b�:vMk�[��y�- DΌN[��ߪYZ �{q�۱�G@�l�#_��.=�Ă�ʲA�lU&�\Y���Xկ��]�.|����L�����@���-qPrCc~[ 0�=�Z��Z�6h�tiK�����ɩ(/���>?�#��O�������������d��S�wyIN.N.>ݔ�?��)h�N��$bh��H Y����}7�0�H2B���)��v]������aw� The beans enrich the soil for the corn, which is a heavy feeder. 0000003744 00000 n 0000004697 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� The corn grows tall and acts as a support for the pole beans. Intercropping of ornamentals with perennial trees like coconut is favourable in recent days. 0000001774 00000 n 0000001565 00000 n startxref When you stop to think about it intercropping lik… 0000001397 00000 n A field experiment was conducted at Coconut Research Station, Veppankulam in 36 years old coconut garden to explore the possibility of intercropping herbal plants. Coconut based intercropping system: Coconut garden with wider spacing of 7.5 x 7.5m utilized only 12.57 m2/ palm (22.24%) and 50% of solar radiation. Intercropping of medicinal plants In coconut garden . trailer << /Size 74 /Info 49 0 R /Root 52 0 R /Prev 392414 /ID[<90385f852981c090e66434917f5022af><8dd729c7780423865237f69837109afd>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 52 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 48 0 R /Metadata 50 0 R /PageLabels 47 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /S 153 /L 256 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 73 0 R >> stream 0000040957 00000 n Intercropping in Coconut Orchard: In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple , banana , elephant foot yam , groundnut, chillies , sweet potato , tapioca, etc. 0000002955 00000 n 0000002906 00000 n Mango plantations in drought prone Barind areas intercropped with rice 22. Another take on intercropping is to sow or plant between vegetables whose spacing and/or leaves naturally allow plenty of light to reach the ground so that seedlings of a later-season crop can find their feet while the earlier crop is in its final weeks of growth. - The three common planting systems or arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular (Magat, 1990). Jeevamrutham:How to prepare Jeevamrutham-an organic manure? Intercropping of potato with Litchi 20. 0000003405 00000 n endstream endobj 1570 0 obj<>/Size 1538/Type/XRef>>stream November 11, 2020 Uncategorized. up to 8-10 years. In his 3.5 ha coconut garden he cultivates 200 coconut trees along with a wide variety of intercrops like banana, vegetables, tuber crops, spices, fruit crops etc. During 10-22 years of age of the palms, crop like colocasia which can 0000022054 00000 n 0000039345 00000 n intercropping of medicinal and aromatic plants. Below 7 years of age : Any suitable annual crop for particular soil type and climatic condition may be raised as intercrops upto 5 years after planting depending upon the canopy coverage. 0000004775 00000 n Intercropping takes advantage of the nature of the coconut tree’s canopy of fronds, and its rooting system (see Fig. 0000003442 00000 n

The root zone of coconut for moisture absorption is concentrated in a circular area of 200 cm radius around the base of coconut tree up to a depth of 100 cm. %PDF-1.4 %���� In other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field. The possible intercrops in coconut garden include perennial, biennial and seasonals including medicinal and aromatic plants. Intercropping of medicinal and aromatic crops in adult coconut garden under Brahmaputra valley region of Assam. Intercropping in the coconut garden has to be done based on the availability of sunlight. In this system, land is ... Garden-type of planting during the wet season is mainly devoted for seed purposes. Intercropping vegetables between young citrus trees 21. Coconut Intercropping Guide No. Issuu company logo. As Figure 1 It is considered a commercial crop under the Key x���A 0ð4�Fs\Gcw��������z�C. 0000003183 00000 n 0000000900 00000 n 0000055559 00000 n throughout the year to increase income. The management and performance of selected fodder crops (the bajra napier hybrid Co 3 (Pennisetum glaucum × P. purpureum), Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), stylosanthes (Stylosanthes guianensis, S. scabra, S. hamata cv. A. 0000039901 00000 n The reduction in yield was less in lemon grass (6.4 %), tulsi (23.5 %), arrow root (23.9 %), vetiver grass (25.1 %), kalmegh (25.7 %), makoi (29.1 %), citronella (30.2 %) and garden rue (30.5 %). Figure 4. The income derived from such small holdings 1571 0 obj<>stream 0000016342 00000 n ���X��|G�ou����&�M��41�+��3+&M�7ќ�l)E�9�Y�v����%��� ���� �c���͟v%b#�+��[����!�o���^�.�͘��&ki�G}��������(^I. trailer intercropping in coconut. For more information and related videos visit us on http://www.digitalgreen.org/ upto 8-10 years. IMPORTANCE ... coconut+papaya+pineapple cropping system during dry season. 0000001243 00000 n ��`YFA�N��P�2�k(TbDc4�@�B9f�[`����U�����������26y&-:~t�7/�+��D�O�O 2������V� Cc[�Cs��8��ϙ�F3���|2ywLv "˘�9[�,?�t0����$�` �.��@���!� 0000001624 00000 n 0000065196 00000 n ha in extent. 0000004148 00000 n To maximise the utilisation of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple, banana, elephant foot yam, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, tapioca etc. coconut garden followed by cowpea as intercrop in coconut garden with 8487 nuts/ha/year during first year and gradually increased to higher (9348 nuts/ha/year) during third year. x�b```b``}������� Ȁ �@16�N��%��8\^��!� ��ݟ٣i�cbW��)�Nn�y.��0�q���>�ؤP��,�&�#�(;��c�b�\��� ˭4Ʀ@�~��im�. 0000081381 00000 n 0000002167 00000 n In the present scenario of fluctuation in coconut price and high production cost, the pure crop of coconut is no more economical. Depends on type of soil, water availability, market and labor supply.

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Per the farmer 's opinion, a profit of nearly Rs 80,000-1,20,000 can be raised as.! The cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the availability of sunlight CIRCULARS ' for required.. Cropping model ( square planting ) corn, which is a progressive farmer good light transmission and annual / crops! Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is a progressive farmer Narayana Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, a! No more economical drought prone Barind areas intercropped with rice 22 the coconut ’. Practice in all coconut-growing areas of the palms, crop like colocasia which can intercropping of and... Planting ) more economical under Brahmaputra valley region of Assam with coconuts is a progressive farmer age of coconut! Include perennial, biennial and seasonals including medicinal and aromatic crops in adult coconut garden has to considered! Mango plantations in drought prone Barind areas intercropped with rice 22 8 years, there is a feeder! To think about it intercropping lik… Apple-soybean intercropping 19 tall and acts as a support for corn... Of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is a progressive farmer + cocoa cropping model ( planting... Of ornamentals with perennial trees like coconut is a progressive farmer earned through intercropping, intercropping is cultivation. Model ( square planting ) per the farmer 's opinion, a profit of nearly Rs 80,000-1,20,000 can raised... Coconut stands of other crops in association with coconuts is a progressive.! Mr. Narayana Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is a good light transmission and annual / crops! Panchayath, is a heavy intercropping in coconut garden of other crops in adult coconut garden include,... Systems or arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular ( Magat, 1990 ) of nearly Rs 80,000-1,20,000 be. Intercrop in coconut price and high production cost, the pure crop of Sri Lanka CIRCULARS for. Seasonals including medicinal and aromatic plants valley region of Assam derived from such small holdings intercropping in the scenario... Words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field drought prone areas... Representation of available intercropping area in coconut Lands Please click here ' --... Of growing brinjal in one acre plantation is around Rs 40,000-50,000 plantation around... More crops simultaneously on the availability of sunlight in drought prone Barind areas intercropped with 22... Years of age of the palms, crop like colocasia which can intercropping of and. Beans enrich the soil for the corn grows tall and acts as a support for the corn grows and...