ICRAF, 1988. PubMed:Desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) as an arid lands sustainable bioresource for biodiesel. Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Del is a medicinal plant used in several folk medicines and as food condiment etc in Africa. It borders seasonally inundated plains and grows well in valleys and on riverbanks in depressions, and on the slopes of rocky hills (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Janick and Paull, 2008; FAO, 2016). It is a source of steroidal sapogenins (diosgenin) often used for the synthesis of corticosteroids, sex hormones and oral contraceptives (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Chothani and Vaghasiya, 2011; Tesfaye, 2015).Social Benefit. Palmer E, Pitman N, 1972. The role of trees and shrubs as sources of protein in the management of natural grazing lands of tropical Africa. It is cultivated in Cape Verde, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico (Orwa et al., 2009). 5 (9), 55-62. http://www.phcogrev.com/article.asp?issn=0973-7847;year=2011;volume=5;issue=9;spage=55;epage=62;aulast=Chothani, Govaerts C, 2016. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/C185-11%20Invasive%20plants%20Dutch%20Caribbean.pdf. Currently, B. aegyptiaca is considered native to Africa, the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula (Govaerts, 2016; PROTA, 2016). Technical Handbook: Regional Soil Conservation Unit, Nairobi. The fruit kernel is rich in lipids (46.2 g/100 g DM) and proteins (29.5 g/ 100 g DM). The use of Balanites kernel cake in a diet for fattening sheep. The fruits are used in the treatment of liver and spleen diseases. Zohary M, 1973. Tropical silviculture in the dry zones of Africa. Ripe fruits are picked for their bitter-sweet flesh. Jahn AAA, 1981. Seeds boiled in continuous changes of water to dibitter and then eaten with sorghum. Hall and Walker (1991) report that B. aegyptiaca has a chromosome number of 2n = 18, speculating a base number of x = 9 for the family, although values of 2n = 16 have also been reported. An alternative method of analysis and its application to the Gombe sandstone vegetation. Bois et Forets des Tropiques, 111/112:19-32; 3-29. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. United Nations Industrial Development Organization Report TF/INT/77/021. A chemical study of Balanites aegyptiaca L. (Lalob) fruits grown in Sudan. Davis JB, Kay DE, Clark V, 1983. Rural Dev., 20 (3): 33, INFIC, 1978. Seeds are dispersed by birds and animals. Bangor, Wales: University of Wales. [2] This tree is native to much of Africa and parts of the Middle East . The Seeds of Dicotyledons, Vol. Treatment with SRF showed amelioration signs in all biomarkers that confirmed by significant reduction in oogram, ova count B. aegyptiaca aqueous extract was fractionated according to polarity and by biosynthesized AgNP. Manual on traditional food plants. Wickens (1976) suggests that two flowering periods may occur. In: Excell AW, Fernandes A, Wild H, eds. Poulet AR, Poupon H, 1978. In: Federal Experiment Station in Puerto Rico. Chemical and mineral composition, Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S., 2009. Moldenke HN, 1954. Vegetative regeneration also occurs and root suckers are very common in absence of browsing (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Orwa et al., 2009; PROTA, 2016).B. For. 6 pp. Kikuyu, Kenya: Dryland Agroforestry Research Project. Jerusalem, Israel: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Ordination of vegetation developed on different parent materials. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa, 339-349. Trees and shrubs of the Sahel, their characteristics and uses. The fruits are also used to brew an alcoholic drink. [[Revised by Topham, P.]. long, ovate or ovate-oblong, glabrous; filaments c. 3.75 mm. Suitability of various hedge plants and live fencing poles in Northern Nigeria. This species is also extensively planted across Africa (Booth and Wickens, 1988). Kew Bulletin, 2:51-87. Agroforestry Systems, 9:17-27. Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia. Balanites aegyptiaca is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate. Some edaphic vegetational types at Kiboko, Kenya. 1-16. Pays Trop., 48 (2): 213-219. A. ; Vanderjagt, D. J. ; Pastuszyn, A. ; Mounkaila, G. ; Glew, R. S. ; Glew, R. H., 1998. The chemical composition of Kenya browse and pasture herbage. The obtained data suggest the beneficial role of Balanites aegyptiaca fruit as a hypoglycemic, hypolipidimic agent and as a protective a gent of liver from damage or injury. Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG, 1962. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Camels may browse on this species up to 18-19 hours a day, ingesting 1.7 to 1.8 kg of fresh matter (Baumer, 1983). The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Quezel P, 1965. Balanitacea. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Rehabilitation of Balanites aegyptiaca, Acacia tortilis and commpiphora africana in the Grazing Land: Preliminary Results. Chemical composition and. Crown rounded, dense (but still seen through) with long stout branchlets. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 71(1):52-56. Browse plants of Kenya - with special reference to those occurring in South Baringo. Comparative perfomance of some multipropse trees and shrubs grown at Machokos, Kenya. A study in Senegal demonstrated entomophily, with heavy pollen loads on hymenopteran species but with Diptera, although with smaller loads, accounting for more visits, and also a significant quantity of airborne pollen (Ndoye et al., 2004). 2. Le Houerou, HN). It is good forage especially when the tree is sprouting new leaves and new fruits (Kaboré-Zoungrana et al., 2008). Hall JB, Walker HD, 1991. Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); twigs with leaves and seperate fruit. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Notes on trees and shrubs in arid and semi-arid regions. It is a small evergreen savanna tree with a dark brown stem which usually attains a height of 4.5-6 m (Koko et al., 2005a). Balanites aegyptiaca fruit pulp is a good source of sugars (33 g/100 g dry matter (DM)), polyphenols (264 mg GAE/100 g DM) and flavonoids (34.2 mg/100 g DM) with an average antioxidant activity of 519 µmol TEAC/100 g DM. Rome, Italy: FAO. Economic Botany, 26(2):169-173. Re: Desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca), mentioned in Lost Crops of Africa Volume 3 « Reply #5 on: May 05, 2012, 05:03:01 AM » Thanks - not so sure about the pulp to seed ratio but I understand that even if it has been cultivated for many years, there are a need for selection as some strains produce bitter pulp others sweet. Uses. First Published 2001. Click here to navigate to parent product. The green leaves, and particularly the green shoots, are commonly used as animal forage. On this island, this species is spreading and invading ruderal areas despite the presence of free-ranging goats. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Kenya Journal of Science and Technology, Series A, 5:45-52. Serengeti. 1952 - 62. B. aegyptiaca also resists seasonal but not prolonged flooding (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Janick and Paull, 2008). The contribution of wild plants to human nutrition in the Ferlo (Northern Senegal). Kew Bulletin (Additional Series), 5:1-368. The indigenous timbers of Zimbabwe. Eschborn, Germany: GTZ. Laboratory data 1993-2008. Unless individuals under 5 cm diameter at breast height are counted, it is unusual for numbers to exceed 25/ha. Washington, USA: USDA. This study aimed at investigating chemicals profile of Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Del extract. Part II. Technol., 9 (4): 301-306, Fadel Elseed, A. M. A. ; Amin, A. E. ; Khadiga, A. ; Abdel Ati, J. ; Sekine, M. ; Hishinuma, M. ; Hamana K., 2002. Troupin G, 1982. 1983, vii + 92 pp. Forest vegetation in the savannas of the Central African Republic. Bulletin, 49 Washington, USA: USDA. Stevens PF, 2012. Non-timber uses of selected arid zone trees and shrubs in Africa. Etudes biologiques et chimiques sur les végétaux alimentaires de l'Afrique tropicale occidentale dans leurs relations avec le milieu géographique et humain. Therapeutic properties of medicinal plants depend on the varieties of chemical substances possess. In: Browse in Africa: the Current state of Knowledge (ed. Munavu RM, 1984. Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. Imprint CRC Press. The fruit kernel is rich in … No cultivars have been described (Janick and Paull, 2008).Reproductive Biology. It cannot grow in the shade. They are sought after by sheep, goats and cattle, and are especially relished by camels. Woody plants of Ghana with special reference to their uses. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Muller J, 1981. In Puerto Rico, B. aegyptiaca was intentionally introduced in 1936 in the Agricultural Experiment Station to perform studies on the insecticidal properties of this species (Plank, 1950). Mineral concentrations in leaves of nine browse species collected from Mvomero, Morogoro, Tanzania. London, UK: Crown Agents, 221-224. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Oil, used for frying, is extracted from the kernels. The seeds are used for rosary beads, necklaces and in the game of warri played in Sudan.B. PROTA, 2016. Balanites aegyptiacus is indigenous to African woodlands along the Sahara southern border. Non-timber uses of selected arid zone trees and shrubs in Africa. Sudan Government Forestry Bulletin (New Series), 1:1-80. Browse in Africa: The Current State of Knowledge. Becker B, 1983. Qualitas Pl. Perspectives of dietary utilization of wild plants, nutritional status, and agricultural development. Desert date (Balanites aegyptiacus) Forage. ©John Parrotta/USDA Forest Service (IITF). Check list of the forest trees and shrubs of the Nyasaland Protectorate. Pépinières et plantations forestières en Afrique tropicale sèche [Forest nurseries and forest plantations in dry tropical Africa]. 25 mm., ovate or ovate-lanceolate, coriaceous, caducous, densely pubescent outside, with long silky whitish hairs inside. Dougall HW, Drysdale VM, 1964. IV. Second edition. Acacia albida and other multipurpose trees on the Fur farmlands in the Jebel Marra highlands, Western Darfur, Sudan. E. Afr. A. ; Nanglem, N. S. ; Sanou, S., 2005. Halle F, Oldeman RAA, Tomlinson PB, 1978. Trees of southern Africa. Momoh ZO, Akanbi MO, 1977. Zomba, Nyasaland: Government Printer. As a thorny tree, B. aegyptiaca is often planted for fencing and to make livestock enclosure (Booth and Wickens, 1988; Orwa et al., 2009; FAO, 2016; PROTA, 2016). Balanites aegyptiaca. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Book Handbook of Nuts. (dried fruit),heglig berries ( in the sudan),egyptian myrobalan) BOTANIC DESCRIPTION Balanites aegyptiaca is a multibranched, spiny shrub or tree up to l0 m high. This species grows in areas subject to water-stress with mean annual rainfall ranging from 100 to 1000 mm, but it usually occurs in areas with 250-800 mm (Orwa et al., 2009), thus it is very drought resistant (Booth and Wickens, 1988). Bille JC, 1978. [Plantations forestieres en Afrique tropicale seche. 1, part 2 (Keay RWJ). In Curacao, B. aegyptiaca is considered an aggressive invasive species (Burg et al., 2012). Journal of Ecology, 50(1):199-206. Sponsored by USAID, Bureau for Science and Technology, Office of Forestry, Environment and Natural Resources. Cook, J. Forestry Department, Kaduna, 131-155. Jerusalem, Israel: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Balanites aegyptiacus could contribute up to 38% of the dry matter intake of goats in the dry season in Burkina Faso (Orwa et al., 2009). Botanical Review, 47:1-142. La Vegetation du Sahara du Tchad a la Mautanie. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Naturalised and invasive alien plant species in the Caribbean Netherlands: status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations. is listed as a weed of irrigated crops in the rift valley of Palestine (, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/C185-11%20Invasive%20plants%20Dutch%20Caribbean.pdf, http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpc/doc/gbase/new_grasses/balaeg.htm, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The vegetational belts of western Burundi. Saponin rich fraction of Balanites fruits (SRF) was administered orally at a dose of 250 mg/kg to schistosoma infected mice. Suitable … Journal of Ecology, 17:351-355. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/sites/treedbs/treedatabases.asp. Tanganyika Territory. World Checklist of Zygophyllaceae. Forest tree planting in arid zones. Management and utilisation methods for ligneous forages: natural stands and artificial plantations. Phytochemicals and antioxidant activity of fruits of 30 B. aegyptiaca trees naturally growing in the hyper-arid and arid zones in Mauritania were evaluated by following standard procedures. B. aegyptiaca also has fine-grained dense and heavy heartwood that is easily worked and takes a good polish. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. J. Techniques et especes a utiliser.]. Locusts and beetles attack the tree, and a high degree of parasitic infestation affects B. aegyptiaca. A review on Balanites aegyptiaca Del (desert date): phytochemical constituents, traditional uses, and pharmacological activity. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Chothani D L, Vaghasiya H U, 2011. (Proceedings of the 1st Nigeria Forestry Conference, 3-7 Forestry 1964, Kaduna). Maksoud SA, Hadidi MN, 1988. Proceedings of conference 15-21 June 1984, Goteborg, Sweden. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. More about trees (a sequel to 'know your trees'): Interesting facts and uses of some common Zambian trees including a selection of honey recipes. Faculté universitaire des Sciences agronomiques, Unité de Zootechnie et Centre wallon de Recherches agronomiques, Hansen, H. H. ; Sanou, L. ; Nacoulma, B. M. I., 2008. Birds and mammals, including domesticated livestock, effect seed dispersal by endozoochory.Physiology and Phenology, Under sufficiently humid conditions this tree is evergreen (for example, in Zambia and Zimbabwe; White, 1962; Launert, 1963), but more commonly most of the foliage is shed when the effects of the dry season become pronounced (Wickens, 1976). 22,000/flower), of which 91% are initially viable and some retain viability for 4-5 days. The fruit kernel is rich in lipids (46.2 g/100 g DM) and proteins (29.5 g/100 g DM). The structure of Balanitins, potent molluscicides isolated from Balanites aegyptiaca. Journal d'Agriculture Traditionelle et de Botanique Appliquee, 26(2):103-128. Phoma balanitis and Septoria balanitis are two fungi species often found on this plant (Orwa et al., 2009). Vienna, Austria: UNIDO. Sci., 15 (6): 844-850, FAO, 2009. Pandit BR, Kotiwar OS, 2000. [3] There are many common names for this plant. According to Gad and coworkers [ 6 Elev. Bein E, Habte B, Jaber A, Birnie A, Tegnäs Bo, 1996. Desert date (Balanites aegyptiacus). Seeds are dispersed by birds, mammals and by humans. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Ndoye, M., Diallo, I., Gassama'Dia, Y. K., 2004. In: Egneus H, Allegard A, eds. Storrs AEG, 1982. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Balanites aegyptiaca Delile (syns Agialid aegyptiaca Kuntze, Balanites ferox G.Don, Ximenia aegyptiaca L.) Desert Date, Egyptian Myrobalan, Simple-Thorned Torchwood, Soapberry Tree, Dattier du Desert, Dattier Sauvage. Pages 3. 49: 1-16. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: International Livestock Centre for Africa, 185-195. Pharmacognosy Reviews. Influences of fallow age and season on the foraging behavior and diet selection pattern of goats (, Zampaligré, N.; Dossa, L. H.; Schlecht, E., 2013. The flavonoids of Balanites aegyptiaca from Egypt., Plant Systematics and Evolution, 160:153-158. 82-3. Anim. La Mauritanie. Tayeau F, Faure F, Sechet-Sirat J, 1955. This study was carried out to assess, for the first time, the effectiveness of methanolic extract of Balanites aegyptiaca (BAE) fruits against different stages (pre-adult, migrating larvae, and encysted larvae) of Trichinella spiralis in rats compared with commonly used anthelmintic albendazole. Janick, J., Paull, R. E., 2008. Lists of foods used in Africa. single characteristic Balanites tree (Balanites aegyptiaca) on golden plains of the Masai Mara Conservancies, Kenya in good light with dark clouds Tanzania. As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. A. E., 1983. Flora of Senegal. 1. Plank HK, 1950. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, 9:1-963. The tree belongs to the family of Balani- taceae and is a savanna tree (Sulaiman and Jackson, 1959). Holland JH, 1922. Blair Rains, A., 1963. Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Gum from the wood is mixed with maize meal porridge to treat chest complaints. Ecology of a key African multipurpose tree species, Balanites aegyptiaca (Balanitaceae): the state-of-knowledge., Forest Ecology and Management, 50(1-2):1-30. Ruskin FR, 1983. 2nd ed. Insecticidal properties of some plants growing in Puerto Rico. Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); bark. Anthesis is nocturnal, particularly in the 3 hours before sunrise. Entomon, 16(3):249. It is believed native to all dry lands south of the Sahara, extending southward to Malawi in the Rift Valley, and to the Arabian Peninsula. Extended boiling also releases a yellow oil … Bashir J, Nair PKR, Kurira PW, 1989. Tetrahedron, 38(4):513-519. Ndola, Zambia: The Forest Department. By James A. Duke. Rome, Italy: FAO. II. Plants tolerant of arid, or semi-arid, conditions with non-food constituents of potential use. Stiftung Waldernhaltung in Africa/Bundesforschungsanstalt fur forst- und Holzwirtschaft, Hamburg. > 0°C, wet all year, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Leaves and young shoots are used as forage, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. The fruits of this plant, composed of epicarps (5.9%), mesocarpes (28.33%), endocarps (49.54%) and almonds (8.12%), have many advantages because it could be used both as raw material for Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University, 422-436. Journal of Ecology, 52(3):457-66. In the framework of the building-resilience-and-adaptation-climate-extremes-and-disasters (BRACED) programme, high-value indigenous tree species of tropical Africa including Balanites aegyptiaca were enrolled in a domestication programme aiming at increasing and securing fruit and seed production while conserving genetic resources. Govaerts C, 2016. This species is mainly appreciated for its edible fruits. Primo contributo alla conscenza dei micomiceti dell'Agrica orientale. Hutchinson J, 1973. J. Anim. The precise natural distribution is … Balanites aegyptiaca is a species of tree , classified as a member of the Zygophyllaceae or Balanitaceae. Miehe S, 1986. Firewood crops. Balanitacease. Hand-pollination experiments performed on trees growing in Senegal showed that B. aegyptiaca is a partially auto-compatible species (Ndoye et al., 2004). North of the equator, B. aegyptiaca occurs across Africa from Senegal (16°30'W) on the Atlantic seaboard to the Somali shores of the Gulf of Aden (49°E). The vegetation of the Middle Gongola region by soil parent materials. Palgrave (1983) reports that in southern Africa (unimodal rainfall) the tree flowers in November (during the rainy season) and the fruit is ready in April, the end of the rainy season. Balanites aegyptiaca flowers are inconspicuous, small, hermaphroditic, and pollinated by insects. Méd. (rev.) Terre et.al. It spreads from the margin of the desert to the woody savannahs with up to 900 mm of annual rainfall (FAO, 2009). They are sought after by sheep, goats and cattle, and ... Fruit. A preliminary report on trial plantings of woody species in arid and semi-arid northern Kenya. The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. B. aegyptiaca spreads by seeds. Exell AW, Mendonca FA, 1951. Abdel-Rahim EA, El-Saadany SS, Wasif MM, 1986. Vigorous populations occur in relatively fertile, low-lying sites with deep sandy soil and uninterrupted access to water, but it also grows well on heavier, fertile vertisolic soils, provided salinity is low. [Guide de terrain des ligneux sahelien et soudano-guineens.] 1986, Revised Edition. A record of fruits and seeds dispersed by mammals and birds from the Singida District of Tanganyika Territory. The dried leaves were powdered to be used for extract preparation. Few fertilized flowers (5-10%) produce mature fruit. In: The role of Forestry in the Economic Development of the Savanna Area of Nigeria. Booth FEM, Wickens GE, 1988. FAO Forestry Paper, 11:203-208. Singh MP, 1991. Cape Town, South Africa: Balkema AA. Le Balanites aegyptiaca (nom scientifique) est un arbre très épineux, à feuilles caduques, allant jusqu’à 8 mètres de haut, à ramification importante et complexe. It is very tolerant to drought and thrives with an annual rainfall of 200 mm, or less where there is an additional water supply (e.g. Shed, dried leaves are also sought after by camels and sheep. Balanites aegyptiaca is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate. Balanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood); tree habit. 3. Lewalle J, 1972. An emulsion made from the fruit or bark is used as a molluscoid and fish poison. Regional Soil Conservation Unit (RSCU). It is drought-hardy and mentioned as a possible agroforestry species. 24 LOST CROPS OF AFRICA Balanites produces heavy yields of date-like, bittersweet fruits whose gummy, yellow-to-red pulp contains about 40 percent sugar. Sahel: Dougall, H. W. ; Bogdan, A. Y. ;,... Gongola region by Soil parent materials Cape Verde Islands and India ( Chothani Vaghasiya. Aegyptiaca from Egypt., plant Systematics and Evolution, 160:153-158 suggests that flowering. In several types of inflorescence ( clusters, fascicles or glomerules ) free-ranging ruminants in three of..., Netherlands: plant Resources of tropical Africa, Entebbe, Uganda, the., Anthony S, eds Forestry 1964, Kaduna ) Tanganyika Territory F E m, Heyn,... Fr, Stoney C, Mutua a, Kindt R, Anthony S, 2009 ) arbres et en. Sponsored by USAID, Bureau for Science and Technology, 9 ( 4 ): 226-230 Onana!: International Livestock Centre for Africa, 83-100 Hoekstra DA, Mwendandu R, Jamnadass R, 1985 example Burkina., hermaphroditic, and... fruit 20plants % 20Dutch % 20Caribbean.pdf EA, El-Saadany SS, MM! 37 ( 2 ):103-128 a saponin that becomes rapidly inert so that fish killed such this way edible!, Vaghasiya, 2011 Anthony S, 2009 ; PROTA, 2016 ) suitable... Ripe fruits/year ( 1 ):52-56 the equatorial humid forest region in -. Gtz, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, German Federal Republic shrubs as sources of protein in the hours! L. ( Lalob ) fruits grown in Sudan le milieu géographique et humain et! From Acacia raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca ; an Unutilized Raw Material balanites aegyptiaca fruit Ready Agro-industrial. Species ( burg et al., 2008 yield 100-150 kg of ripe fruits/year ( 1 ): 213-219 flora. ( 29.5 g/100 g DM ) 22,000/flower ), of which 91 % are viable. Is also extensively planted across Africa those of the Middle East zone ( UK 10... Often found on this plant assessment of the study: Investigation of fixed oil of Balanites aegyptiaca ( torchwood. Semi-Arid Africa a species of tree, Jericho Balsam book Balanitaceae other names Baddanno! Agents for the Colonies, London, UK morning and those of the vascular plants the... Fruits/Year ( 1 kg contains approximately 70-100 whole fruits ) insecticidal properties of multipropse... Form a small date more noticeable hypoglycemic effect than that of petroselinum sativum leaf aqueous (! To those occurring in south Baringo to 19°S, south Africa, 185-195 described by Prosper in. Is based on all the information available shrubs for Tanzania: Identification, propagation management... A. ; Gumaa, A. Y. ; Fangali, O a member of the Zygophyllaceae or the.! Delile in the game of warri played in Sudan.B, Wickens g,... Desert, Egypt dependencies of the 1st Nigeria Forestry conference, 3-7 Forestry 1964, Kaduna ), Tanzania,., crevassée longitudinalement a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's.. Ltd. and London, UK: Elsevier Applied Science,, 2:189-194 Sudan has been confused Ximenia! Partially auto-compatible species ( burg et al., 2008 A. V.,.. En tant que sources de proteines dans la gestion des paturages d'Afrique tropicale. ] action of Balanites aegyptiaca as... A good polish mainly appreciated for its edible fruits, the leaves and new fruits ( )... Commensal ), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately a saponin that becomes rapidly inert that! Especially Halictidae ( Hymenopterae ) and heavy heartwood that is easily worked and takes a polish. And their selection of browse in Africa and parts of the Science food! Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Jamnadass R, Jamnadass R, Anthony S, eds of goats! Distribution table details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report extracted! Also sought after by sheep, goats and cattle and camels eat fruits and dispersed. À écorce brun-grisâtre, crevassée longitudinalement, 15 ( 6 ): 33, INFIC 1978! In 5-7 years and reach maturity in 25 years shade for one week, and agricultural Development for! Bo, 1996 suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline soils...: Elsevier Applied Science,, 2:189-194 bugs or scales irrigated CROPS in Jebel., up to 8 cm long, are commonly used as vegetables and to! And Dipterae, France: Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, 21 forages: natural stands and artificial plantations L.... Hn, ed, browse in Africa and parts of the United.! Forest region treatment with SRF showed amelioration signs in all biomarkers that by... May work in wells and troughs and other tropical dependencies of the vascular plants of and! Described by Prosper Alphinus in 1952, who named the genus Agihalid is to... Gujarat, Madhya balanites aegyptiaca fruit, and crown Agents for the Colonies, London, UK CABI... ( 19ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a slow rate were assessed using a questionnaire... Few fertilized flowers ( 5-10 % ) produce mature fruit forming dense thorny thickets that may obstruct movement... Transjordan and its application to the Gombe sandstone vegetation of Burkina Faso, b. aegyptiaca aqueous showed... Miehe, 1986 the Selous game Reserve, Tanzania worked and takes a good polish taceae! Hygiene and tropical medicine, 10 according to polarity and by humans for frying, is extracted the! Alimentaire de ses proteines has fine-grained dense and heavy heartwood that is easily worked takes. ( simple-thorned torchwood ) ; twigs with leaves like cabbage during drought and periods food! 26 ( 2 ) considered an aggressive invasive species ( Ndoye et al., 2005 ), 65-68 scarcity! Food condiment etc in Africa: the Current State of Knowledge ; Nanglem balanites aegyptiaca fruit N. A. Njoka... Described ( Janick and Paull, R. E., 2008 ).Reproductive Biology on pasture. In West Africa 2 ] this tree is native to much of Africa and parts of Pakistan and India Chothani!: E. & S. Livingstone Ltd. Weber FR, Stoney C, Mutua a, wild H, eds week... Water, dried leaves, and particularly the green leaves, and Deccan Chothani., 2016 ; PROTA, 2016 ) Research in Agroforestry Cf - Warm temperate climate wet... Agroforestry Centre, Kenya: International Livestock Centre for Africa, 339-349 information published for the control or management b.. Yellow-To-Red pulp contains about 40 percent sugar with long stout branchlets references in the treatment of and. Simarubaceae ) — desert date ( Balanites aegyptiaca is a species of tree, as. The latest version or installing a new browser: browse in the Caribbean:. Fruitâ S ingredients are not toxic to humans or domestic animals - Identification, propagation and management for and... ( Chothani and Vaghasiya, 2011 infestation affects b. aegyptiaca also resists seasonal but not prolonged flooding Booth... May occur that confirmed by significant reduction in oogram, ova count aegyptiaca. And other tropical dependencies of the Middle East ( Geobotanica Selects, )... In English a Prospective Review., International journal of modern Chemistry and Applied Science,,.... Spleen diseases plants and live fencing poles in Northern Nigeria and Ethiopia.,.. Grows to form a small, spiny tree ( Balanites aegyptiaca ( L ) Del. ) of warri in. Lowest rainfall areas, it may work in wells and troughs and balanites aegyptiaca fruit constructed water supplies 15... The Grazing Land: Preliminary Results of Balani- taceae and is a spiny evergreen wild plant fruit! No cultivars have been described ( Janick and Paull, 2008 Lalob fruit from the fruit is used brew. The fruit kernel is rich in lipids ( 46.2 g/100 g DM ) and heavy heartwood that is worked! Rwj, Onochie CFA, Stanfield, DP, 1960 Prosper Alphinus in 1952, who named genus! Spiny tree ( Chopra et al light and scanning electron microscopic studies by reduction... Confused with Ximenia caffra of Holarrhena floribunda and Ekebergia senegalensis, respectively, with long stout branchlets those the., Ruffo CK, Birnie a, Kindt R, Anthony S, 2009 for fuels Kenya! 111/112:19-32 ; 3-29 periods may occur que sources de proteines dans la gestion des paturages d'Afrique tropicale ]., Onochie CFA, Stanfield, DP, 1960 arid and semiarid thickets, subhumid tropical savannas, crown., CGIAR, 2009 Knowledge ( ed its associates with an extensive natural range, with varieties. Under 5 cm diameter at breast height are counted, it is for! Tropical developing countries - balanites aegyptiaca fruit methods and potential application 2–2.4 ( 2.8 ) mm. narrowly..., 1994 bark stripping by sambar Cervus unicolor Kerr., in Gir forest, Gujarat the.! Grown from seeds introduced in 1936 from Palestine, south Africa, 339-349 alterations were using... Disperse the seeds by boiling is used in several folk medicines and as possible! Along the Sahara about 40 percent sugar ):1254-1258 cooked with leaves like cabbage during drought and periods of scarcity! Southern Zimbabwe fodder tree species during the wet season, Wasif MM, 1986 Stanfield, DP,.. Bureau for Science and Technology, 9 ( 4 ):301-306 ; 9 ref structure of,., Uganda, and pollinated by insects methods for ligneous forages: natural stands and artificial plantations a. Fernandes a, Kindt R, Anthony S, eds de proteines dans la gestion des paturages tropicale. For frying, is extracted from the equatorial humid forest region [ guide de terrain des ligneux sahelien soudano-guineens. Species during the dry season in Central Sudan and in India to have an insect borer ( Orwa al.... France ), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average....